New York State Vehicle Safety Inspections
The New York State vehicle safety inspection program helps make sure every vehicle registered in NY State meets the minimum safety standards for safe operation. In addition, most vehicles are subject to an emissions inspection to help reduce air pollution and protect the environment. This page briefly outlines the NYS DMV requirements for vehicle safety & emissions inspections.
ITEMS INSPECTED ON CARS & LIGHT TRUCKS
Steering, Front End, Suspension, Chassis, Frame & Wheel Fasteners
Windshield And Other Glass
Motor vehicles are required, by law, to be in safe operating condition whenever they are driven on a public street or roadway in New York State.
Each vehicle registered in New York State must be inspected at least every 12 months. The inspection must be done before the expiration date of the current inspection and also whenever the vehicle becomes registered in a different name.
The Emissions Inspection - Drive New York Clean
The 1990 Federal Clean Air Act requires New York State to conduct an inspection program to help reduce harmful emissions from most gasoline-powered passenger cars and light-duty trucks. The emissions inspection is done at the same time as the annual safety inspection. Vehicles that fail the emissions inspection may not be able to become registered or, if already registered, the registration may not be renewed.
Some vehicles are exempt from the emissions inspection program: Your passenger car or light truck does not have to be inspected for emissions if it is:
Less than two model years old;
Statewide, including in the NYMA. The emissions inspection for vehicles registered anywhere in New York State includes and "OBDII" (onboard diagnostics) test for vehicles that weigh ,500 lbs. or less, and are model year 1996 or newer. Part of this test examines the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL), also known as the "check engine" light, for operation/illumination, and verifies the test results of the vehicle's "onboard emission diagnostic" system.
In the NYMA only. A "High Enhanced" emissions inspection is required for most vehicles registered in this area of the state, unless they are subject to the statewide OBDII test or are exempt from all emissions inspections. This inspection is required for all vehicles less than 26 model years old (until, and including, model year 1995) that weigh 8,500 lbs. Or less. In this test, the vehicle's exhaust is directly tested for the amount of hydrocarbons, oxides of nitrogen, and carbon monoxide pollutants. This inspection also includes a simulated driving condition test on a dynamometer.
In the NYMA, vehicles less than 26 model years old that weigh more than 8,500 lbs. are subject to an "idle emissions inspection." This inspection includes a test of the exhaust emissions while the engine is at idle.
In all counties outside the NYMA. A "Low Enhanced" emissions inspection is required for most vehicles registered in this area of the state, unless they are subject to the statewide OBDII text or are exempt from all emissions inspections. This inspection is required for all vehicles that are under 26 model years old (until, and including, model year 1995) that weigh 18,000 lbs. Or less.
What The Emissions Inspection Inspects
Each emissions inspection confirms the presence and connection of the vehicle's required emission control devices. This includes making sure that the vehicle's gas cap is present and in good condition, and fits properly fit.
The emission control devices are examined if the vehicle was originally manufactured with them. The vehicle model years affected are indicated.
Catalytic converter (CAT) - all model years
You can help your vehicle pass an emissions inspection by keeping it properly maintained. If the vehicle's Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL, or "check engine" light) indicates there may be a malfunction or other problem, have the vehicle properly repaired. A well maintained, functioning vehicle uses less fuel and creates less exhaust emissions.
The emission portion of NY State inspections has caused confusion for consumers. It requires your cars computer to operate properly and be able to properly monitor your cars emissions. If its "monitors" are not ready then the vehicle will fail the inspection. NY State has written a Readiness Failure Fact Sheet to help explain. Click here to view it in a PDF version.
At Pete Kitt's Automotive Sales & Service, we know that your vehicle is important to you. We strive to give fast reliable service and we provide warranties on every repair. Please call us at (315) 487-2630 today for any automotive service or maintenance need.
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